macroBiome: A Tool for Mapping the Distribution of the Biomes and Bioclimate
Procedures for simulating biomes by equilibrium vegetation
models, with a special focus on paleoenvironmental applications.
Three widely used equilibrium biome models are currently implemented in
the package: the Holdridge Life Zone (HLZ) system (Holdridge 1947,
<doi:10.1126/science.105.2727.367>), the Köppen-Geiger classification
(KGC) system (Köppen 1936,
<https://koeppen-geiger.vu-wien.ac.at/pdf/Koppen_1936.pdf>) and the
BIOME model (Prentice et al. 1992, <doi:10.2307/2845499>). Three
climatic forest-steppe models are also implemented.
An approach for estimating monthly time series of relative sunshine
duration from temperature and precipitation data (Yin 1999,
<doi:10.1007/s007040050111>) is also adapted, allowing
process-based biome models to be combined with high-resolution
paleoclimate simulation datasets (e.g., CHELSA-TraCE21k v1.0 dataset:
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